The forests of Maine differ from the forests of Colorado by the types of species found in both ecosystems, as well as the temperature and rainfall. Biodiversity includes diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity), and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity). Literally, biodiversity is the many different kinds (diversity) of life (bio-). It reflects the number, variety and variability of living organisms and how these change from one location to another and over time. Habitat – The range of habitats in which different species live. Species diversity best fits the literal translation: the number of different species in a particular ecosystem or on Earth. An ecosystem with a lot of biodiversity is more resistant to a disturbance, such as a disease or a dramatic event like a fire or an earthquake. In essence, it’s the variety of ways that species interact with each other and their environment. To understand why biodiversity is important, we have to think like biologists. ADVERTISEMENTS: Biodiversity, besides its ecological significance provides a socio-economic and monetary asset to the nation. Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Biodiversity is a contraction of biological diversity. Human society depends on biological resources, their diversity and the ecosystems that sustain them to provide essential goods and services. If a population of organisms has enough variety, a few individuals might have the right genes to fight a disease. Ecological biodiversity is the diversity of ecosystems, natural communities, and habitats. Biodiversity also includes: Variability of genus, Variability of varieties, Variability of species, Variability of populations in different ecosystems, Variability in relative abundance of species Knowledge of biodiversity is essential for sustainable utilization of resources Biological resources provide us: Nourishment, Clothing, House, Fuel, Medicine and Revenue The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that … Traditionally, ecologists have measured biodiversity by taking into account both the number of species and the number of individuals in each of those species. This could be structural differences (between a tree and an ant) or functional […] ). Species – The differences between species. Unlike nonscientists, biologists don't think of biodiversity strictly in terms of the number of species found on Earth. Biologists, however, always alert to levels of organization, have identified three measures of life’s variation. Biodiversity (b) explain how biodiversity may be considered at different levels; habitat, species and genetic. Each habitat will be occupied by a range of organisms. Biodiversity and Conservation Biology (BSCI) Biodiversity is defined at three levels: genetic diversity (the variety of genetic information contained in all organisms); species diversity (the variety of different living species); and ecosystem diversity (the variety of habitats, the species that live in the habitat, and ecological processes). Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life. But biodiversity can help! 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